BackgroundCervical cancer is the 4th highest cause of female reproductive tract malignancies. Multiple loci have been identified as important determinant factors for tumor susceptibility. In this report, we aimed to explore the roles of gene polymorphisms affecting x-ray repair cross complementing 1 (XRCC1), the tumor protein p53 (TP53), and fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) in the context of susceptibility to cervical cancer. Additionally, we assessed the impact of single nucleotide polymorphism-single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP-SNP) interaction of these three genes in the context of cervical cancer risk in Chinese women.MethodsA case-control study consisted of 340 women located in Chongqing. Of these women, 121 were diagnosed with cervical cancer, 118 served as healthy controls, and 101 were specifically recruited elderly patients above the age of 80 who showed no history of cervical cancer. Three SNPs (XRCC1 rs25487, TP53 rs1042522, and FGFR3 rs121913483) were examined using mutation analysis of mismatch amplification PCR (MAMA-PCR) on samples obtained from peripheral blood.ResultsOur results indicated that females from southwestern China all exhibited a wild-type phenotype at FGFR3 rs121913483. We also observed that the rs25487 mutation was significantly increased within the cervical cancer population. A 2-locus SNP-SNP interaction pattern (rs25487 and rs1042522) was significantly associated with cervical cancer risk (cases vs. negative controls: OR = 4.63, 95% CI = 1.83–11.75; cases vs. elderly group: OR = 17.61, 95% CI = 4.34–71.50).ConclusionsThis is the first study to identify a novel interaction between the XRCC1 and TP53 genes that is highly associated with susceptibility to cervical cancer risk in a female population in southwestern China.
Guiying Liu, Yunfeng Zhou, Xiao Su