Abstract: We investigated the effects of sickle erythrocytes on the production of vasotone mediators in endothelial cells (ECs) using an in vitro recirculating flow system. Sickle erythrocytes increased the EC production of two important vasoactivators, prostacyclin and endothelin‐1, under venous wall shear stress conditions of 1 dyn cm−2. The presence of interleukin‐1β in the perfusion system, as a model for inflammatory cytokine effects, enhanced the overall amounts of released prostacyclin but did not affect the production of endothelin‐1. This study demonstrates the effects of sickle erythrocytes on the function and metabolism of ECs under vascular flow environments. The altered production of vasoactivators may contribute to the vasotone instability and vasoocclusive crises in sickle cell anemia.
Y. Shiu, L. McIntire, M. Udden
European Journal of Haematology