A functional polymorphism (rs6554199) located in the c-kit gene was associated with achalasia in a Turkish cohort. Our aim was to replicate this result in a large cohort of Spanish patients and controls. A case-control study was performed with 282 Spanish white unrelated patients and 687 healthy controls. All were genotyped for SNP rs6554199 using a TaqMan Assay. No association was found in our study (T allele frequency in patients and controls: 47.3% vs. 49.4%; OR=0.92, p=0.41). The finding that the T allele of the c-kit rs6554199 polymorphism could be associated with achalasia as reported in a Turkish population could not be replicated in a Spanish cohort. Although ethnic differences might explain these data, the sample size that compromised the statistical power in the Turkish cohort and is higher in our study, led us to suggest that the reported association seems to be a false positive.
J. L. Santiago, E. G. de la Concha, J. P. de la Serna