The paper is focused on the issue of consumption of milk and dairy products as an important part of the rational nutrition of the population of the Slovak Republic. The aim of the paper is to highlight the development of consumption of drinking milk and selected dairy products, including cheese and acid-based products, in the last 20 years in the conditions of the Slovak Republic. Furthermore, the paper focuses on comparing current consumption of milk and dairy products with recommended intakes resulting from the rationalization of diet. Based on the results, it can be stated that the consumption of milk and dairy products is insufficient at the level of 70% of the recommended consumption intakes of the selected food group. In connection with this, it is important to note that the consumption of drinking milk is low. The results obtained by processing the secondary data were supplemented with the primary data obtained from the questionnaire survey. Based on the results, we have conclude that most consumers are trying to maintain a healthy lifestyle and rational diet, which is just the consumption of milk and dairy products. Consumers especially prefer drinking milk, cheese and yoghurt, whose consumption is still low, which the respondents attribute to the high prices of the monitored products as compared to their income. On the other hand, the results showed the main factors determining the consumption of milk and dairy products, among which we can include quality, composition, price, durability and nutrition data. Based on the results obtained by processing secondary data and primary research, we suggest informing and educating consumers about the positive health effects and highlighting the recommended benefits to a greater extent.
Ľ. Kubicová, Kristína Predanócyová, Z. Kádeková
Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences