In this paper the interfacial behavior of aqueous solutions of cationic gemini surfactants of the, N,N'-bis(dimethylalkyl)-α,ω-alkanediammoniumdibromide type (known as the 12-s-12 series), in the absence and presence of ZnO nanoparticles was studied. Equilibrium and dynamic interfacial tension between n-decane and aqueous surfactant solutions were investigated. It was concluded that the synergistic effect between surfactants and nanoparticles increases the surfactant efficiency with respect to reducing the interfacial tension. Moreover, the magnitude of the effect of ZnO nanoparticles on the interfacial tension decreases with increasing length of the spacer group in the gemini surfactant structure. Dynamic studies illustrate that the migration mechanism of gemini surfactants (regardless of the presence of ZnO) from the bulk to the interface was controlled by both diffusion and adsorption. The effect of spacer length on the contact angle and emulsion stability both with and without nanoparticles was also studied.
Tahereh Fereidooni Moghadam, S. Azizian, S. Wettig
Journal of colloid and interface science