Aim:Arterial function is significantly influenced by bupivacaine at both clinically relevant concentrations and toxic concentrations, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. In the present study we investigated the role of α1-adrenoceptors in bupivacaine effects on isolated rat aortas.Methods:Isolated aortic rings were prepared from rats and suspended in an organ bath. Phenylephrine (Phe)-induced vasoconstriction and acetylcholine (ACh)-induced vasodilation were recorded through an isometric force transducer connected to a data acquisition system.Results:Administration of bupivacaine (30–300 μmol/L) produced mild vasoconstriction, and this response declined with repeated administrations. Treatment of the aortic rings with bupivacaine (3–30 μmol/L) for 20 min enhanced Phe-induced vasoconstriction, while treatment for 40 min suppressed Phe-induced vasoconstriction. Both the short- and long-term bupivacaine treatment suppressed ACh-induced vasodilation. Incubation of the aortic rings with 0.2%–0.6% lipid emulsion (LE) for 100 min significantly increased the pD2 and Emax values of Phe-induced vasoconstriction, and incubation with 0.4% LE for 100 min reversed the inhibition of bupivacaine on vasoconstriction induced by Phe (30 μmol/L). In contrast, incubation with LE suppressed ACh-induced vasodilation, even at a lower concentration and with a 5-min incubation.Conclusion:Bupivacaine exerts dual effects on α1-adrenoceptor-mediated vasoconstriction of isolated rat aortic rings: short-term treatment enhances the response, while long-term treatment inhibits it; the inhibition may be reversed via long-term incubation with LE.
Hao Guo, He-fei Zhang, Wen-qi Xu
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