PURPOSE To determine factors predictive of anatomic, visual, and financial outcomes after traditional and nontraditional primary pneumatic retinopexy (PR) for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RD). DESIGN Retrospective interventional case series and cost comparison. METHODS Participants: Total of 178 eyes (156 patients) with PR-repaired primary RD by a single surgeon at a clinical practice from January 2001 to December 2013 and followed for ≥1 year. The cohort had 2 subgroups: traditional (TPR) and nontraditional (NTPR) PR. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Characteristics associated with best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and anatomic outcomes. Cost analysis and potential cost savings comparing PR to scleral buckle and vitrectomy. RESULTS One hundred thirty-one of 178 eyes (73.5%) were successfully treated at 1 year (postoperative year 1): 72.8% (75/103) in TPR and 74.6% (56/75) in NTPR. Macula-off detachment (-0.44 logMAR, P < .001) and clock hours of RD (-0.84 logMAR, P < .001) correlated with improved BCVA; pseudophakia (0.26 logMAR, P = .002) and inferior retinal tears (0.62 logMAR, P = .009) correlated with worsening BCVA. Pseudophakia (-0.15, P = .03), inferior quadrant RD (-0.27, P < .001), and proliferative vitreoretinopathy (-0.68, P < .001) correlated with anatomic failure. Total average cost for TPR and NTPR was $1248.37 ± $882.11 and $1471.91 ± $942.84, respectively (P = .10). PR had a potential cost savings of 62% and 60.8% when compared to scleral buckle and vitrectomy, respectively. CONCLUSIONS PR results in successful anatomic and visual outcomes in both TPR and NTPR repair of primary RD. Preoperative pseudophakia is associated with worse visual outcomes and less anatomic success. The cost of primary PR and subsequent procedures to achieve final anatomic success was not significantly different between TPR and NTPR, and supports the possible cost-effectiveness of expanded indications for PR.
Jesse J. Jung, Johnny Cheng, Jane Y Pan
American journal of ophthalmology