By the introduction of Sabin oral poliovirus vaccine, the circulation of wild type polioviruses has virtually disappeared in Japan. However, an outbreak of poliomyelitis associated with sporadic transmission of type 1 wild strain occurred in Nagano in 1980. Furthermore, we found that some type 1 wild strains were introduced into Japan from abroad in 1981. In recent surveys, the two poliovirus type 1 isolates which have non‐vaccine‐like antigenic character were detected in Aichi. Then, an investigation to trace the origin of these strains was performed, by using intratypic serodifferentiation and biochemical techniques. Electrophoretic migration patterns of their structural polypeptides were quite different from the vaccine virus. In the oligonucleotide mapping, however, one of them gave patterns very similar to those of the vaccine virus. We could conclude that one originated most probably from wild strains, and the other was an antigenic variant derived from the vaccine virus. It showed that oligonucleotide mapping was a very useful method for identification of antigenic modified Sabin type 1 derivatives.
M Hara, M Arita, Z Yamazaki
Microbiology and Immunology