The effect of molybdate on adenylate cyclase (EC 184.108.40.206) in rat liver plasma membranes has been examined. The apparent K alpha for molybdate activation of the enzyme is 4.5 mM, and maximal, 7-fold stimulation is achieved at 50 mM. The observed increase in cAMP formation in the adenylate cyclase assay is not due to: (a) an inhibition of ATP hydrolysis; (b) a molybdate-catalyzed conversion of ATP to cAMP; (c) an inhibition of cAMP hydrolysis; or (d) an artifact in the isolation of cAMP formed in the reaction. Molybdate activation of adenylate cyclase is a general phenomenon exhibited by the enzyme in brain, cardiac, and renal tissue homogenates and in erythrocyte ghosts. However, like fluoride and guanyl-5'-yl imidodiphosphate (Gpp(NH)p), molybdate does not activate the soluble rat testicular adenylate cyclase. Molybdate is a reversible activator of adenylate cyclase. Activation is not due to an increase in ionic strength and is independent of the salt used to introduce molybdate. Molybdate does not activate adenylate cyclase previously stimulated with Gpp(NH)p or fluoride. At concentration greater than 20 mM, molybdate inhibits fluoride-stimulated adenylate cyclase, and at concentrations greater than 100 mM, molybdate stimulation of basal adenylate cyclase activity is diminished.
J. M. Richards, N. I. Swislocki
The Journal of biological chemistry