Background: The incidence of pancreatic cancer is growing and the survival rate remains one of the worst in oncology. Surgical resection is currently a crucial curative option for pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PA). Socioeconomic factors could influence access to surgery. This article reviews the literature on the impact of socioeconomic status (SES) on access to curative surgery among patients with PA. Methods: The EMBASE, MEDLINE, Web of Science, and Scopus databases were searched by three investigators to generate 16 studies for review. Results: Patients with the lowest SES are less likely to undergo surgery than high SES. Low income, low levels of education, not being insured, and living in deprived and rural areas have all been associated with decreased rates of surgical resection. Given the type of health care system and geographic disparities, results in North American populations are difficult to transpose to European countries. However, a similar trend is observed in difficulty for the poorest patients in accessing resection. Low SES seems to be less likely to be offered surgery and more likely to refuse it. Conclusions: Inequalities in insurance coverage and living in poor/lower educational level areas are all demonstrated factors of a lower likelihood of resection populations. It is important to assess the causal effect of socioeconomic deprivation to improve understanding of this disease and improve access to care.
A. Thobie, A. Mulliri, V. Bouvier