We analyzed the effects of rIL-10 on IL-5 production by human resting T cells isolated from peripheral blood. Resting T cells of healthy individuals required activation for 48 h with either anti-CD3 mAb cross-linked on B7/CD32-transfected mouse fibroblasts or PMA in conjunction with anti-CD28 mAb for optimal IL-5 secretion. In each condition, IL-5 secretion measured by ELISA was inhibited in a dose-dependent manner by rIL-10, whereas IFN-gamma production was not suppressed. The inhibitory effect of rIL-10 on IL-5 synthesis induced by PMA and anti-CD28 mAb was also observed at the mRNA level. In contrast with its action on T cells costimulated by B7/CD28 signaling, rIL-10 did not block IL-5 secretion in response to PMA and A23187 calcium ionophore. The inhibition of IL-5 production by rIL-10 was not due to IL-2 deprivation because it was not modified by the addition of exogenous rIL-2. Moreover, cyclosporin A, which inhibited IL-2 more efficiently than rIL-10 in response to anti-CD3 mAb and B7/CD32 transfected fibroblasts, did not reduce and even enhanced IL-5 production. Finally, we analyzed the influence of endogenously produced IL-10 on IL-5 secretion by T cells stimulated by PMA and anti-CD28 mAb. Addition of a neutralizing anti-IL-10 mAb increased IL-5 release in this system, indicating that endogenous IL-10 controls IL-5 production. We conclude that both rIL-10 and endogenous IL-10 inhibit IL-5 production by T cells costimulated by B7/CD28 signaling.
L Schandené, C Alonso-Vega, F Willems
Journal of immunology