The radC gene, whose product plays a role in the prokaryotic repair of DNA damage after UV and X-ray irradiation, was cloned and sequenced from the phototrophic bacterium Rhodobacter capsulatus B10. The gene codes for a protein of 214 amino acids with a molecular mass of 23,792 Da. The deduced amino acid sequence showed significant homology with the RadC proteins of Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Haemophilus influenzae. Northern blot analysis indicated that under both chemotrophic and phototrophic growth conditions the radC gene was relatively highly expressed and was induced about five-fold after UV-irradiation. Primer extension analysis revealed that transcription was initiated from the same position before and after UV treatment. Mutants (radC negative) have a low survival rate and a slower growth rate than the wild type.
E. Katsiou, C. Nickel, A. García