esting about this are the ways that their conceptualizations of these heterogender practices at the same time reinforce and refute the traditional gendered dichotomy: male/ female, private/public, and activo/pasivo. What is fascinating about the analysis is the way that a secondary gender hierarchy, one that is linked most directly to a critical discussion of sexualities, is constructed around the variations in masculinities. The authors are careful to point out the differences in representation and the globalization of particularly modern (read Western) gay identities, and they conclude with an important discussion about the tension between paternalistic and liberal notions of the constructions of dependency that have become pervasive in this context, especially since the explosion of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Latin America. Their conclusion is built around stripping away two central fallacious theses: (1) that the modern, globalized world is saturated with egalitarianism and promise; and (2) that “community” and community-based organizations should be tied with nongovernmental organizations (NGO’s) in order to import the promised fruits of globalization. The work concludes that these premises, although perhaps not illintentioned, have a net effect of denying the empirical realities and complexities of an ambiente that is decidedly non-Western and polytomous. The fieldwork and interviews were all conducted by Fernández-Alemany. Murray, the book’s coauthor, writes a brilliant Preface, grounding this work in the cross-cultural and anthropological literature on homosexuality and explicating his role as mentor and colleague to Fernández-Alemany. The strength of this book is its accessible theoretical grounding and strong ties to a developing body of literature on masculinities and sexualities in non-Western contexts. The only weakness is more stylistic than substantive. The contribution of this work would be magnified if the author had written into the text more of the context of his interactions. Beginning with his sociohistorical backdrop of San Pedro Sula and the richness with which he describes each individual’s definition of the situation among locas and hombres, the author leaves me wanting to read more of his experiences in the field. At times, I wish he had thickened his descriptions of life in the ambiente. The participatory nature and spirit within which this book was written and its fresh approach that moves away from the reliance on traditional, modern, and Western constructions of same-sex relations, makes it an invaluable contribution to the literature. It is an example of the strength of collaboration between authors and the value of reading and creating a text filtered through various lenses of gender, sexuality, and ethnicity.
Contemporary Sociology: A Journal of Reviews