The mechanism of stereospecific production of l-amino acids from the corresponding 5-substituted hydantoins by Bacillus brevis AJ-12299 was studied. The enzymes involved in the reaction were partially purified by DEAE-Toyopearl 650M column chromatography and their properties were investigated. The conversion of dl-5-substituted hydantoins to the corresponding l-amino acids consisted of the following two successive reactions. The first step was the ring-opening hydrolysis to N-carbamoyl amino acids catalyzed by an ATP dependent l-5-substituted hydantoin hydrolase. This reaction was stereospecific and the N-carbamoyl amino acid produced was exclusively the l-form. N-Carbamoyl-l-amino acid was also produced from the d-form of 5-substituted hydantoin, which suggests that spontaneous racemization occurred in the reaction mixture. In the second step, N-carbamoyl-l-amino acid was hydrolyzed to l-amino acid by an N-carbamoyl-l-amino acid hydrolase, which was also an l-specific enzyme. The ATP dependency of the l-...
A. Yamashiro, K. Kubota, K. Yokozeki
Agricultural and biological chemistry