The desalination of brackish ground water using cascade Rankine cycle is proposed. A pair of a Rankine cycle like steam Rankine cycle (SRC) and organic Rankine cycle (ORC) as a waste heat recovery. The single stage steam turbine for the SRC unit while the scroll expander for ORC unit is selected. Simulation of cascade RO system performance is considered using R245fa as a working fluid for ORC unit. The saturated steam from solar Scheffler disc will expand into steam turbine, where the reject heat from steam turbine will utilize for evaporation of ORC working fluid. The high-pressure RO pumps integrated with SRC and ORC turbines to provide net driving pressure to the RO module. This type of system is well suitable for desalination of brackish water due to moderate working temperature & pressure. Result shows that the pair of Rankine cycle will increase the overall (cascade) efficiency of the system. The basic input parameters are optimised with Taguchi approach. The performance of the system shows a good agreement with variation of mass flow rate of the steam in which the permeate flow rate from RO will increase along with the cycle efficiencies.
Milan Raninga, A. Mudgal, Vivek K. Patel
IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering