The two lowest bands, 1B2u and 1B1u, of the electronic spectrum of the benzene molecule have been studied theoretically using a new method to compute vibronic excitation energies and intensities. The complete active space (CAS) self-contained field (SCF) method (with six active π-orbitals) was used to compute harmonic force field for the ground state and the 1B2u and 1B1u electronic states. A linear approximation has been used for the transition dipole as a function of the nuclear displacement coordinates. Derivatives of the transition dipole were computed using a variant of the CASSCF state interaction method. Multiconfigurational second-order perturbation theory (CASPT2) was used to obtain absolute excitation energies (12 active π-orbitals). The results show that the approach works well. Vibrational progressions are well described in both bands and intensities, and energies are in agreement with experiment, in particular when CASPT2 derived geometries are used. One interesting result is that computed ve...
Anders Bernhardsson, N. Forsberg, P. Malmqvist
Journal of Chemical Physics