AbstracteIF4E is an initiator protein in cap-dependent translation. Its overexpression is linked to tumorigenesis in various human cancers, suggesting that the levels of eIF4E must be under tight control in normal cells. Although several eIF4E regulatory mechanisms have been demonstrated, the intracellular mechanisms controlling eIF4E protein levels remain poorly understood. Here, we report that eIF4E is efficiently regulated by dual mechanisms, both involving human inhibitor of apoptosis family protein cIAP1. cIAP1 itself ubiquitinates eIF4E as an E3 ligase, and interestingly, cIAP1 also functions as a mediator to present eIF4E to another E3 ligase, CHIP. This collaborative activity of cIAP1 and CHIP directs eIF4E toward degradation, controlling its levels and suppressing tumorigenesis. Our results provide the first evidence for a mediator function of cIAP1 and collaborative activity of cIAP1 and CHIP, suggesting that maintaining balanced levels of these E3 ligases might be beneficial for normal cell growth.
T. Seo, J. Lee, Y. Choi