The linker for activation of T cells (LAT) and the non-T cell activation linker (NTAL) are two transmembrane adapters which organize IgE receptor (FcεRI) signaling complexes in mast cells. LAT positively regulates, whereas NTAL negatively regulates mast cell activation. We previously found that the four distal tyrosines of LAT can generate negative signals. We show here that two of these tyrosines provide two binding sites for SHIP1, that LAT recruits SHIP1 in vivo, and that SHIP1 recruitment is enhanced in NTAL-deficient cells. We show that NTAL negatively regulates mast cell activation by decreasing the recruitment, by LAT, of molecules involved in FcεRI-dependent positive signaling. We show that NTAL also decreases the recruitment of SHIP1 by LAT, leading to an increased phosphorylation of the antiapoptotic molecule Akt, and positively regulates mast cell survival. We finally show that the positive effect of NTAL on Akt phosphorylation and mast cell survival requires LAT. Our data thus document the mechanisms by which LAT and NTAL can generate both positive and negative signals which differentially regulate mast cell activation and survival. They also provide molecular bases for the recruitment of SHIP1 in FcεRI signaling complexes. SHIP1 is a major negative regulator of mast cell activation and, hence, of allergic reactions.
K. Roget, M. Malissen, O. Malbec
The Journal of Immunology