Finding

Paper

Citations: 1

1987

Abstract

The ground-state energy of the free polaron is calculated, using the Fock approximation. A new model Hamiltonian involving an electron in a harmonic potential of cylindrical symmetry in the presence of a variational magnetic field, internal in origin, is used. This magnetic field, which has no physical existence, introduces the possibility of symmetry breaking. This approach is shown to be equivalent to that of Peters and Devreese (1982), who used path integrals to study the properties of the polaron in a magnetic field, if the variational parameters of their model action are chosen to match those of the author's model and if the magnetic field in the model action is used as a variational parameter whose origin is internal. Using that approach, a strong-coupling ground-state energy much lower than the usual one is found (E0=-0.1658 alpha 2). It is shown that such a low value cannot be obtained from the adiabatic approximation because a model spectrum having a degenerate ground state has been used. His results call into question the assumption that the energies obtained from the Fock approximation or from the Feynman integrals are upper bounds to the polaron ground-state energy in the case of model actions or Hamiltonians involving magnetic fields.

Authors

Y. Lépine

Journal

Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics

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