Objective: To report and analyze the phenomenon of sticky silicone oil on the retina at the time of its removal. Background: Silicone oil has been used for more than 25 years as a long-term retinal tamponade in the surgical management of patients with complex retinal detachments. When a decision to remove silicone oil was made at the end of the tamponade period, the system involved a number of different materials: silicone oil, aqueous solution with or without remnants of perfluorocarbon liquid plus the material of the cannula used to aspirate Silicone oil. This, in effect, may lead to an abnormal adherence of large bubbles of residual silicone oil to the posterior pole of the retina. Patients and methods: A retrospective, interventional case study was performed. We consecutively reviewed 796 patients of silicone oil removal (5,000 or 5,500 centistokes) after primary pars plana vitrectomy at one vitreoretinal center operated by a single surgeon (HG). Chart review was performed to identify potential patients or procedural factors that could predispose to sticky silicone oil formation at the macular area. Results: Large silicone oil bubbles were sticky to the macula in eight out of 796 silicone oil removal procedures between January 2014 and August 2015. The use of perfluorooctane was related to the occurrence of the phenomenon (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The sticky silicone oil bubble at the macular region was not related to internal limiting membrane peeling, epiretinal membrane, viscosity, duration, or brand of silicone oil used, but to the use of perfluorooctane.
H. Ghoraba, A. Zaky, Haithem Mamoun Abd Al Fatah