The geographical marginalization and social exclusion of Roma and Sinti in Italy is not a recent phenomenon. A number of academic and policy reports over the last decade have stressed the gravity of the situation for Roma and Sinti. According to the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI 2002, 2006) the spatial segregation of a large section of this population in so-called ‘nomad camps’ (campi nomadi in Italian) ‘appears to reflect a general approach of the Italian authorities which tend to consider Roma as nomads and wanting to live in camps’ (ECRI 2002). Similarly in 1999 the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD 1999; see also ERRC 2000) declared that ‘in addition to a frequent lack of basic facilities, the housing of Roma in such camps leads not only to a physical segregation of the Roma community from Italian society but a political, economic and cultural isolation as well’.
Journal name not available for this finding