We consider anisotropic self-similar random fields, in particular, the fractional Brownian sheet (fBs). This Gaussian field is an extension of fractional Brownian motion. It is well known that the fractional Brownian motion is a unique Gaussian self-similar process with stationary increments. The main result of this article is an example of a Gaussian self-similar field with stationary rectangular increments that is not an fBs. So we proved that the structure of self-similar Gaussian fields can be substantially more involved then the structure of self-similar Gaussian processes. In order to establish the main result, we prove some properties of covariance function for self-similar fields with rectangular increments. Also, using Lamperti transformation, we obtain properties of covariance function for the corresponding stationary fields.
Vitalii Makogin, Yuliya Mishura
Stochastic Analysis and Applications