Radiation therapy holds an important position as one of the multidisciplinary methods of treating lung cancer (non-small cell carcinoma). As a result of the development of platinum preparations such as cisplatin (CDDP) and wide use of digital subtraction angiography (DSA), selective bronchial arterial infusion (BAI) therapy made possible more effective use of anti-lung cancer drugs. The use of radiation therapy in combination with BAI is now recommended as a more effective method. Meanwhile carboplatin (CBDCA) has recently been developed as a second generation platinum preparation with less side effects, and is being used for BAI, too. However, the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of CB DCA for BAI to be used in combination with radiation therapy is not known yet. We, therefore, carried out a phase-study to determine MTD of CBD CA for combination with radiation therapy. The results show that the MTD of CBDCA is 400 mg/m2, and that clinically recommendable infusion limit is 350 mg/m2. In an angiographic study performed at the same time, a plural number of tumor affected blood vessels were found in 81.3% of the patients with lung cancer. Therefore, infusion of a drug for such patients should be carefully applied.
H. Tamamura, M. Ohguchi, K. Higashi
Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy