A new method to decorate metallic nanoparticles (NPs) based on the wall-jet configuration was developed. A homemade wall-jet amperometric cell coupled to an electronic micropipette was used to decorate Pt NPs with Sb and Sn hydrodynamically through the injection of metallic precursor solutions onto an electrode modified with NPs under applied potential. The method allows the control of the coverage degree (θ) by changing easy handling parameters such as injection flow rate, injected volume and concentration of precursors. The decoration procedure is fast, reproducible, simple and economic, since it only uses a few microlitres of precursors to prepare each electrode composition. It is possible to prepare an average of 1000 electrodes using the same amount of precursors for each one prepared by a conventional method using a typical three-electrode cell. Sb- and Sn-decorated Pt/C NPs were first evaluated towards diluted glucose electrooxidation in buffer solution. These first insights reveal that the output current density increases with θSb and θSn; Sb-decorated Pt/C shows the greatest improvement.
L. M. Alencar, Gabriella L. Caneppele, C. A. Martins