The avian c-fps and mammalian c-fes proto-oncogenes are cognate cellular sequences. Antiserum raised against the P140gag-fps transforming protein of Fujinami avian sarcoma virus specifically recognized a 92,000-Mr protein in human and mouse hematopoietic cells which was closely related in structure to Snyder-Theilen feline sarcoma virus P87gag-fes. This polypeptide was apparently the product of the human c-fes gene and was therefore designated p92c-fes. Human p92c-fes was associated with a tyrosine-specific protein kinase activity in vitro and was capable of both autophosphorylation and phosphorylation of enolase as an exogenous protein substrate. The synthesis of human and mouse p92c-fes was largely, though not entirely, confined to myeloid cells. p92c-fes was expressed to relatively high levels in a multipotential murine myeloid cell line, in more mature human and mouse granulocyte-macrophage progenitors, and in differentiated macrophage like cells as well as in the mononuclear fraction of normal and leukemic human peripheral blood. p92c-fes was not found in erythroid cells, with the exception of a human erythroleukemia line which retains the capacity to differentiate into macrophage like cells. These results suggest a normal role for the p92c-fes tyrosine kinase in hematopoiesis, particularly in granulocyte-macrophage differentiation. In addition, a distinct 94,000-Mr polypeptide, antigenically related to p92c-fes, was identified in a number of hematopoietic and nonhematopoietic human and mouse cells and was also found to be associated with a tyrosine-specific protein kinase activity.
I. Macdonald, J. Levy, T. Pawson
Molecular and Cellular Biology