Gray-leaved Euryops (Euryops pectinatus Cass., Asteraceae) is an evergreen shrub that is widely planted in landscapes in the United States. In the fall of 1999, powdery mildew was observed on E. pectinatus planted in landscapes in Redlands (San Bernardino County), CA. Symptoms consisted only of slight cupping of leaves. Fungal growth was observed on stems, leaves, petioles, and pedicels and was ectophytic and amphigenous. The white mycelium was patchy to effuse. Hyphal appressoria were indistinct (1). Conidiophore foot cells were cylindric and sometimes were tapered toward or constricted at the base. Foot cells measured 30 to 50 by 10 to 12 μm and were followed by one to two shorter cells. Conidia were cylindric to slightly doliform, borne in chains of two to three, and measured 26 to 38 by 14 to 18 μm. Conidial length to width ratios ranged from 1.7 to 2.4. Catenate conidia had crenate edge lines (3). Conidia possessed conspicuous fibrosin bodies and from their sides produced short germ tubes without appressoria. Cleistothecia were not observed. Based on these characters, the fungus was identified as Podosphaera fusca (Fr.) U. Braun & N. Shishkoff (Podosphaera sect. Sphaerotheca) (1,2). Pathogenicity was confirmed by gently pressing diseased leaves onto leaves of healthy E. pectinatus plants. Plants were incubated in a humidity chamber at 22 to 24°C and after 12 to 14 days powdery mildew colonies developed. E. pectinatus cv. Viridis, a cultivar that lacks the extensive pubescence of E. pectinatus, also developed disease when inoculated. This appears to be the first report of powdery mildew on E. pectinatus in North America. A voucher specimen has been deposited into the University of California Herbarium (accession # UC1738635). P. fusca was also observed on cv. Viridis in a nursery in New York in 1999. It is unclear where this pathogen originated. P. fusca parasitizes a large number of asteraceous species including dandelion (Taraxacum officinalis) and sowthistle (Sonchus spp.) weeds, which occur in the area and sometimes are infected with powdery mildew. The Euryops powdery mildew pathogen may be a race that is different than those found on other composites in the United States. The fungus was observed on plants in shaded areas but not on plants in full sun. References: (1) U. Braun. Nova Hedwigia 89:1, 1987. (2) U. Braun and S. Takamatsu. Schlechtendalia 4:1, 2000. (3) H. D. Shin and Y. J. La. Mycotaxon 46:445, 1993.
G. Saenz, S. Koike, N. Shishkoff