Realization of simultaneous hydrophilizing and wrinkle-proofing effects on a cotton fabric is not impossible. This work proves that these objectives can be reached by using adequate multifunctional compounds: Tetronic 701 (T), chitosan (CS) and monochlorotriazine-β-cyclodextrin (MCT-β-CD). These were applied by means of three pad-dry-cure type treatments. We have studied, at first, the influences resulted after each stage in order to establish the optimum working fields. The results of the FTIR, XPS, XRD, DSC and TGA analyses confirmed the proposed mechanism. By applying the multiple linear regression as a statistical analysis of the data produced after the third treatment stage, one could determine the quantitative influences produced by the concentrations of the three multifunctional agents on the following parameters: taking-in degree, wrinkle recovery angles (WRA), breaking strength, durability test, immersion time, contact angle, and capillarity.
Vasilica Popescu, Ecaterina Vasluianu, Gabriel Popescu