Can menopausal hormone therapy (HT) be used in hypertensive women? The group of experts of the French Society of Hypertension has carried out a review of the recent literature in order to answer this question, based on the most recent scientific publications. If use of oral HT is associated with a discreet increase in blood pressure, the transdermal route seems to be safer. The first results of major randomized trials of HT had alerted to an increase in cardiovascular events and breast cancer with the use of oral HT, generally, tipping the benefit-risk balance of the deleterious side. Complementary analyzes have shown the importance of the window of intervention (less than 10 years after the menopause) and the age of the woman to start the HT. On the contrary, they have shown a significant decrease of the coronary events. For woman suffering from hypertension and important climacteric symptoms, it is important to evaluate the whole cardiovascular risk in order to decide the possibility of prescribing a HT. Thus, the group of experts proposes a prescription assistance algorithm based on the stratification of cardiovascular risk, always favoring, when it is authorized, HT by transdermal route of administration.
C. Mounier‐Véhier, T. Angoulvant, J. Boivin