The fluorescence behavior of coumarin-153 (C153) has been studied in four N-alkyl-N-methylmorpholinium ionic liquids differing in the alkyl chain length attached to the N-methylmorpholinium cation as a function of the excitation wavelength and temperature to understand some of the physicochemical characteristics of these largely unexplored ionic liquids. While the polarity of the ionic liquid with the smallest alkyl chain length is found comparable to that of the commonly used imidazolium ionic liquids, the probe molecule experiences a less polar environment with increasing chain length of the alkyl group attached to the morpholinium cation. The room temperature steady-state fluorescence spectrum of C153 in these solvents is found to be dependent on the excitation wavelength, and this effect is most pronounced in long chain containing ionic liquids. A bathochromic shift of the fluorescence maximum is observed at higher temperature. The excitation wavelength and temperature dependence of the fluorescence of C153 is explained considering a domain structure of these ionic liquids. The time-resolved fluorescence anisotropy measurements indicate the microviscosity around the probe molecule to be significantly different from the bulk viscosity of the long-chain ionic liquids. The solvent reorganization dynamics, as studied by monitoring the time-dependent fluorescence Stokes shift of C153 in these ionic liquids, is found to be slow and similar to that in imidazolium ionic liquids. The time-resolved measurements under isoviscous conditions seem to provide additional support to the organized domain structure of these ionic liquids.
D. C. Khara, A. Samanta
The journal of physical chemistry. B