Objective To study the clinical characteristic and the surgical treatment of the patients with familial adenomatous polyposis(FAP). Methods Retrospective analysis was made on the clinical feature and operative procedures of 28 patients with FAP in our hospital in recent 14 years. Of the 28 patients, 20 patients had familial history, 6 had cancerization. Results All the patients received operation, ileal pouch- anal anastomosis(IPAA) were performed on 25 cases(89.29%) , 3 cases underwent other operations. No severe complications had taken place postoperatively. All the patients received non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs(NSAIDs) or tamoxifen treatment. All the patients were followed-up for 2-14 years, 4 patients died(14.29%) during follow-up period. Life quality and bowel function after operation were good in the aliving patients. No polyp in ileum pouch was seen. Conclusions Surgical treatment is the main methods for FAP, it can prevent bowel polyp carceration. Use of NSAIDs or tamoxifen as an adjuvant treatment of FAP is useful in the prevention of FAP recurrence.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery