The pipeline easily gets corroded in a seawater environment. The oxygen in the seawater is one of major parameters causing the corrosion. In practice, the corrosion due to the oxygen concentration difference, i.e. differential concentration corrosion (DCC), cannot be avoided. However, a one-dimensional DCC model cannot satisfactorily predict the corrosion because the oxygen distribution near the pipe wall is two-dimensional. In this regard, a two-dimensional DCC model was proposed in this study to numerically investigate the distribution of corrosion potential and current in the ionic conductive layer near the pipe wall as well as the overall corrosion current. The results show that DCC plays a significant role in determining the corrosion potential and current. Without considering DCC, a large corrosion potential and current exist at the location with high oxygen concentration near the pipe wall, whereas the occurrence of the low corrosion potential and current corresponds to the location with low oxygen concentration. However, as DCC is considered, at the location with high corrosion potential, cathodic polarization was produced and the corrosion rate decreases; at the location with low corrosion potential, anodic polarization was produced and the corrosion rate increases. In general, the corrosion potential can be homogenized in terms of DCC.
Bin Liu, Yingwei Liu