In recent years, the study found that Porphyromonas gingivalis type Ⅸ secretion system (T9SS) is a novel protein secretion system, also known as Por secretion system (PorSS). Unlike the eight protein secretion systems found in the past, the system is a polyprotein complex found only in Bacteroides. The secreted proteins have both N- and C-terminus, where the former includes Sec-dependent type Ⅰ signals peptide, and the latter contains conserved domains (C-terminal conserved domain, CTD). Porphyromonas gingivalis T9SS includes proteins such as intima, outer membrane, cytoplasm, and cell cycle, including at least 34 proteins containing CTD. Porphyromonas gingivalis T9SS is involved in regulating associated virulence factors including gingivin, fimbriae, lipopolysaccharide, HBP35, CPG70 protein and peptidyl-arginine deiminase. These CTD-containing virulence proteins are localized by T9SS and then released to the extracellular domain, thereby destroying periodontal tissue. Therefore, this review summarizes the research progress on the T9SS of Porphyromonas gingivalis.
Zhang Jinmei, Zhao Lei, Wu Yafei
Hua xi kou qiang yi xue za zhi = Huaxi kouqiang yixue zazhi = West China journal of stomatology