W. D. Warren, Joseph B. Whitehead
Mar 1, 1986
The Japanese journal of surgery
A prospective randomized trial of selective distal splenorenal shunt (DSRS)versus H-graft interposition total shunt at Emory Hospital in 1971 showed DSRS to be superior to a total shunt in shunt patency, prevention of variceal bleeding, preserving hepatic cell function, preserving the quality of life and patient survival. These results were particularly evident in the non-alcoholic patients. In the alcoholic patients, there was a greater loss of hepatic portal perfusion. In a later phase of the study, it was found that pancreatic veins formed a pathway of collaterals to the shunt, that is a socalled pancreatic siphon. In order to prevent loss of portal and pancreatic flow through the siphon, a total spleno-pancreatic disconnection was developed, whereby the hormone diversion is expected to be diminished.