I. Makoyda, Мykola Ostrovskyy, Ksenia Ostrovska
Jan 1, 2022
OBJECTIVE The aim: To study the structure of adverse drug reactions and the effectiveness of treatment among patients with drug-resistant tuberculosis who follow the modified short-term and individualized treatment regimens. PATIENTS AND METHODS Materials and methods: The analysis of 138 inpatient medical records, outpatient health cards and electronic database of the patient register was conducted. Resistant strains of MTB were microbiologically verified in all the patients. All the patients underwent clinical-laboratory, instrumental microbiological, genetic-molecular (GeneXpert MTB / RIF) methods of examination, both for diagnosis and monitoring of the effectiveness of treatment. In order to prevent complications and control adverse reactions, all the patients were briefly screened for peripheral neuropathy, basic audiometry, the QTc interval was determined, visual acuity and color perception were checked. RESULTS Results: At individualized treatment regimen of tuberculosis, adverse reactions were 3.5 times more common than in patients with modified short-term therapy, in 65 (68.4%) cases and in 8 (18.6%) cases, respectively. Accordingly, the effectiveness of treatment differed in both groups. Prevailing in long-term treatment were: treatment interruption treatment gap, treatment failure, continued treatment. In patients receiving short-term regimens, the cured rate was almost twice as common as in the second group. CONCLUSION Conclusions: Timely detection cases of resistant tuberculosis and using linear probe analysis (LPA) - GenoType MTBDRplus for diagnosis of fluoroquinolone resistance, will allow the use of modified short-term treatment regimens for tuberculosis. Which in turn will reduce the number of side effects and improve the outcome of treatment.