W. Helbig, H. Achenbach, J. Löbe
On the basis of general haematological, clinicochemical, cytomorphological, cytochemical and nuclearmedical investigations the anaemia of chronic haemodialysis can be considered as a renal anaemia modified by a permanent dialysis. It is less characterized by lack of erythropoietin, but more by a strong lack of iron, moderate haemolysis and slight deficiency of folic acid. After gradual diagnostics the substitution treatment with iron is absolutely necessary, medication of folic acid should be attempted. A permanent therapy with 80-120 mg of iron weekly administered parenterally can be successfully performed and 10-15 mg of folic acid daily, which will markedly lower the rate of transfusion.