Oceans in Decline
The three times that I have visited the Antarctic continent, I have been surprised by its beauty and at the same time by its harsh climate. In 2000 and 2003, people were already beginning to talk about climate change, but when they arrived there and saw the huge icebergs surrounding their icebreaker they couldn’t imagine that it would be one of the systems that would suffer the most from a future rise in temperatures due to greenhouse gases. But so is, to a greater extent, the Arctic, which has already undergone an exponential change in its loss of ice cover and dramatic change in its ecosystems. In 2011, I returned to visit the Larsen areas A, B and C with the oceanographic icebreaker Polarstern, this time in a third approach to an area that is experiencing as a major player the effects of terrestrial climate change (see below).