M. R. Singariya
Jan 23, 2013
Journal of finance and economics
One of the prime objectives of the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) is to reduce the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) in India. Different strategies adopted for child health under NRHM are directed to reduce IMR. Using review of available data sources and published literature, the paper aims to examine the impact of NRHM initiatives like health infrastructure and manpower in reducing IMR. The mission had set specific targets; these include a reduction in the infant mortality rate to 30 per 1000 live births. At the national level, there was a decline in the infant mortality rate from 58 per thousand live births in 2005 to 44 in 2011 (all India) after implementation of NRHM. The IMR in focus states like Bihar fell from 61 to 44, in Madhya Pradesh from 76 to 59, in Rajasthan from 68 to 52 and in Assam from 68 to 55. However, 14 states/UTs have already achieved MDG 4 of IMR. These figures are, however, still dismal even when compared to the target IMR rate of 30 under NRHM. Thus the NRHM has had an impact but a rather limited one.