Practical Preventive Medicine
Objective To learn the status of health-related behaviors among the junior middle school students of minority and of Han nationality in Panzhihua City. Methods A questionnaire survey was carried out among 932 students from two junior middle schools in Panzhihua City selected by stratified cluster random sampling. Results Of the 932 students,32.83% were of minority,and 67.17% were of Han nationality.56.97% reported having physical exercise for less than 60 minutes per day.The prevalence rates of food preference,often eating desserts and often eating fried foods were 28.97%,18.88% and 16.52%,respectively.The Han students were more likely to eat foods from street vendors and to have food preference than the minorities(P0.05).The occurrence rates of not observing traffic regulations,swimming at places without safety precautions and having difficulty in social intercourse were higher in the minority students than in the Han students(P0.05).74.14% of the students reported often feeling adverse sentiment,and the Han students had higher reported rates of irritability and sensitivity than the minorities(P0.05).The reported rates of feeling pressure from study,being bullied,and trying to run away from home were 67.38%,54.94% and 28.33%,respectively,and no significant differences were found between the minority and Han students(P0.05).The reported rates of trying smoking and being smoking were 13.95% and 5.69% respectively,and the rates of trying drinking and being drinking were 52.15% and 42.81%.No significant differences were found in smoking and drinking between the minorities and Hans(P0.05). Conclusions Health risk behaviors are common among the junior middle school students in Panzhihua City,and differences exist between minority and Han students.So targeted health education should be carried out.