Ling Huang, Qinggang Gao, Ling-Dong Sun
Jul 1, 2018
Cesium lead halide (CsPbX3) perovskite has emerged as a promising low‐threshold multicolor laser material; however, realizing wavelength‐tunable lasing output from a single CsPbX3 nanostructure is still constrained by integrating different composition. Here, the direct synthesis of composition‐graded CsPbBrxI3−x nanowires (NWs) is reported through vapor‐phase epitaxial growth on mica. The graded composition along the NW, with an increased Br/I from the center to the ends, comes from desynchronized deposition of cesium lead halides and temperature‐controlled anion‐exchange reaction. The graded composition results in varied bandgaps along the NW, which induce a blueshifted emission from the center to the ends. As an efficient gain media, the nanowire exerts position‐dependent lasing performance, with a different color at the ends and center respectively above the threshold. Meanwhile, dual‐color lasing with a wavelength separation of 35 nm is activated simultaneously at a site with an intermediate composition. This position‐dependent dual‐color lasing from a single nanowire makes these metal halide perovskites promising for applications in nanoscale optical devices.