Alina V. Solovyeva, I. Fatkullin, Artur R. Akhmetgaliev
Nov 26, 2021
Background. Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) occurs in one-third of women of reproductive age and has a significant impact on women's lives, causing anemia, impaired social adaptation and professional activity. AUB-O (ovulatory dysfunction) is often caused by an excessive body mass (BM) and obesity (especially visceral). The most effective option for restoring menstrual cycle (MC) in obese women is BM reduction. There is evidence that the combination of inositols myoinositol (MI) and D-chiroinositol (DCI) has a beneficial effect on BM loss, ovulation frequency and getting pregnant in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Aim. To study the effect of MI and DHI in a 5:1 ratio in combination with diet and exercise on the regulation of MC in overweight and obese women. Materials and methods. The study has been conducted in clinics of Moscow, Kazan and Tyumen for 20202021. It is a descriptive study assessing an efficacy of lifestyle modification (diet and exercise) plus a nutritional support with a combination of 1000 mg MI and 200 mg DCI (ratio 5:1) for 24 months in 353 women of reproductive age with AMK-O and overweight or obesity. Efficacy criteria include: MC regularity, BM index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), levels of serum glucose, free testosterone, follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone. Results. The study showed a significant shortening of MC to its physiological duration 3112.04 days (vs 4419.51 days at the 1st visit; p=0.001), a decrease in the rate of heavy bloody vaginal discharge by 2.57 times (p=0.001), an increase in the rate of moderate bloody vaginal discharge by 1,62 times (p=0.001), an increase in the proportion of patients with regular MC by 2.69 times (p=0.001). These changes were accompanied by a decrease in BM (-3 kg; p=0.001), a decrease in WC (-2.5 cm; p=0.001). Laboratory tests revealed a decrease in serum glucose (-1.3 mmol/L; p0.05), free testosterone (-0.4 pg/L; p0.05), luteinizing hormone (-0.8 mIU/ml; p0.05), and an increase in follicle-stimulating hormone (+0.1 mIU/ml; p0.05) levels. Conclusion. The results obtained (a decrease in BM, a decrease in BMI, WC, as well as MC restoration; p0.05) make it possible to recommend Dikirogen containing MI and DCI in a 5:1 ratio as a part of comprehensive therapy for overweight and obese women with AUB-O.