Yao Pei, Sheli Chai, Xiaolong Li
Sep 17, 2022
Over the years, many geological exploration reports and considerable geological data have been accumulated during the prospecting and exploration of the Jiapigou gold metallogenic belt (JGMB). It is very important to fully utilize these geological and mineralogical big data to guide future gold exploration. This work collects the original textual data of different gold deposits in JGMB and constructs a knowledge graph (KG) for deposits based on deep learning (DL) and natural language processing (NLP). Based on the metallogenic geological characteristics of deposits, a visual construction method of a KG for deposits and a calculation of the similarity between deposits are proposed. In this paper, 20 geological entities and 24 relationship categories are considered. By condensing the key KG information, the metallogenic geological conditions and factors controlling the ore in 14 typical deposits in the JGMB are systematically analyzed, and the metallogenic regularity is summarized. By calculating the deposits’ cosine similarities based on the KG, the mineralization types of deposits can be divided into two categories according to the industrial types of ore bodies. The results also show that the KG is a cutting-edge technology that can extract the rich information of ore-forming regularity and prospecting criteria contained in the textual data to help researchers quickly analyze the mineralization information.