H. Luczak, Hermine Schwarzmoser, W. Staudenbauer
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
SummarySmall plasmids were isolated from type strains ofClostridium butyricum. Strain NCIB 7423 carries one plasmid (pCBU1) of 6.4 kb, whereas strain NCTC 7423 carries two unrelated plasmids of 6.3 kb (pCBU2) and 8.4 kb (pCBU3). Cleavage sites for 18 restriction endonucleases have been mapped on these plasmids and detailed physical maps are presented. For the purpose of developing vector plasmids for gene cloning in saccharolytic clostridia these crypticC. butyricum plasmids were joined to a selectable marker that will likely be expressed in clostridia. This was achieved by cloning the clostridial plasmids into theE. coli vector pBR322 carrying the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) gene from theStaphylococcus aureus plasmid pC194. The recombinant plasmids were tested for their ability to confer chloramphenicol resistance toBacillus subtilis. Hybrid plasmids (pHL105, pHL1051) derived from pCBU2 were identified, which are capable of replication and expression of theS. aureus drug resistance marker in bothE. coli andB. subtilis. No structural instability was detected upon retransformation of pHL105 fromB. subtilis intoE. coli. The recombinant plasmids might thus be useful as shuttle vectors for the gene transfer betweenE. coli and a wide range of bacilli and clostridia.