Jun 7, 2018
Journal of Medical Science And clinical Research
Introduction: Prostate cancer is the second most common malignant tumor in western males and anatomically involves the prostate peripheral zone. It is the most common type of cancer in men. To prevent an equal rise in mortality, early detection of prostate cancer will become essential, as will the detection of premalignant lesions such as prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia. Prostate cancer can only be diagnosed by thorough histopathological examination of prostatic tissue along with serum PSA levels estimation. Material and Methods: A Cross sectional study done over a period of 18months, was carried out on 150 prostate specimens. The specimens were examined for various prostatic pathologies by doing histopathological examination & their serum total PSA values were correlated. Patients diagnosed as prostate adenocarcinoma were included. On the contrary inadequate biopsy material cases, autolyzed specimen and patients younger than 40 years were not included. Results: Amongst 38 (25.3%) adenocarcinoma cases, 15 cases (10.0%) were well differentiated, 08 cases (5.3%) were intermediate grade, 03 cases (2.0%) were moderately to poorly differentiated and 12 cases (8.0%) were poorly differentiated. Discussion: The percentage of occurrence of occult carcinoma has significantly decreased over the years due to advanced investigative procedures like TRUS, serum PSA level estimation etc. Conclusion: A combination of staging, grading and followup study is required to obtain best predictive values.