Ryosuke Ishida, Shuichi Mori, T. Murayama
Sep 1, 2022
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry
Ryanodine receptor 1 (RyR1) is a Ca2+-release channel expressed on the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) membrane. RyR1 mediates release of Ca2+ from the SR to the cytoplasm to induce muscle contraction, and mutations associated with overactivation of RyR1 cause lethal muscle diseases. Dantrolene sodium salt (dantrolene Na) is the only approved RyR inhibitor to treat malignant hyperthermia patients with RyR1 mutations, but is poorly water-soluble. Our group recently developed a bioassay system and used it to identify quinoline derivatives such as 1 as potent RyR1 inhibitors. In the present study, we focused on modification of these inhibitors with the aim of increasing their water-solubility. First, we tried reducing the hydrophobicity by shortening the N-octyl chain at the quinolone ring of 1; the N-heptyl compound retained RyR1-inhibitory activity, but the N-hexyl compound showed decreased activity. Next, we introduced a more hydrophilic azaquinolone ring in place of quinolone; in this case, only the N-octyl compound retained activity. The sodium salt of N-octyl azaquinolone 7 showed similar inhibitory activity to dantrolene Na with approximately 1,000-fold greater solubility in saline.