Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Conference “Digital agriculture - development strategy” (ISPC 2019)
In the twentieth century was found a trend of development of human settlements, the relevant future socialist system: «the garden city». Since the village of antiquity was the thesis, the city was the antithesis, the neoindustrial garden city as a village-city turned out to be a historical synthesis of the city and the village. Life in agro-towns makes the exchange of human forces with nature transparent, devoid of the element of spontaneity, and therefore they allow you to remove the fetishistic veil from the social life of capitalist society. The project and the implementation of the «garden city» laid down two exclusive sense: the project led to socialism inside of capitalism. In the second sense, it is converted into a digital agro-city as the basis of the digital new capitalist economy chrematistics. The garden city provides for the rational planning of the life of the settlements and fundamentally destroys the spontaneous nature of their spread and expansion. Such development requires growing the cells of socialism within capitalism, that is, it requires capitalism. Moreover, the agro-city in its digital version fits into capitalist production and small private property, while not requiring large monopolies and mass production. In the early Soviet Union the leftist excesses in the understanding of the building of socialism by the destruction of any private property, the movement in the direction of absolute collectivization led to the objections against cities-gardens. The accumulated historical experience and the needs of modern Russia in the accelerated modernization development allows us to present the agro-city as an island of the whole archipelago of new industrialism. A new social structure will be formed on this island. Keywords—«garden city», new social structure, agro-city, digital agro-city, digital economy, village-city, commodity fetishism, leftist excesses, new industrialism.