Xiong Zhang, Qiao Liu, Zong-Wen Wang
May 14, 2020
A fluorometric method for the determination of histamine has been developed based on aggregation-induced emission (AIE) effect of D-penicillamine capped copper nanoparticles (DPA-CuNPs). The fluorescent DPA-CuNPs were synthesized by a one-pot method using D-penicillamine as both reducing agent and stabilizing ligand. The size, morphology and physical chemical properties of DPA-CuNPs were examined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), fluorescence spectroscopy, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and absorption spectroscopy. The DPA-CuNPs exhibit AIE effect and show intense red fluorescence (650 nm). In the presence of histamine, DPA-CuNPs are dispersed into small homogeneous particles, causing fluorescence quenching. Based on this reaction, a histamine sensor is constructed. The fluorescence of the CuNPs solution has a good linear relationship with histamine concentration in the range 0.05 μM to 5 μM and the determination limit (3σ/slope) is 30 nM. The estimated method was successfully applied to the determination of histamine in fish, pork and red wine. Graphical abstract Schematic representation of copper nanoparticles for histamine analysis. In the presence of histamine, the strong red fluorescence of copper nanoparticles is obvious decreased through interaction of copper nanoparticles and histamine.