T. Kawanishi, H. Kawashima, K. Chihara
Mar 1, 1990
Water Science and Technology
Effect of biomass on the soil hydraulic conductivity was clarified on andosol soil. The approximate value of the maximum allowable density of biomass was determined, which corresponds to the minimum hydraulic conductivity of the clogged andosol soil. On the basis of these values and the mass balance of the substrate, the relation among substrate concentration, thickness of clogged zone and the percolation rate was discussed. In addition, a numerical model was constructed, and the biomass growth and the change of permeability were simulated. Calculated results were compared with the results of two-dimensional infiltration flow experiments. By using the model, the conditions to avoid infiltration failure were determined.