Y. Yıldırım, D. Karakaya, E. Kelsaka
Bratislavske lekarske listy
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the effects of dexketoprofen on experimental ischemia/reperfusion injury induced in rat testicles. METHODS Twenty-four male Wistar albino-type rats were randomly separated into three groups. To develop testicular torsion, the right testicle was rotated 720° clockwise. After five hours of rotation, reperfusion was applied for 24 hours. The control group rats (Group C) had no procedures or treatments; basal numbers were used. Intraperitoneal 25 mg/kg dexketoprofen (1 cc) (Group D) or the same volume of serum physiologic (Group SP) were given to the Group D and Group SP rats 40 minutes before and 12 hours after detorsion. Twenty-four hours after detorsion, histopathological evaluation was performed by bilateral orchiectomy. Malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were detected in testicular tissue and in serum. RESULTS Histopathologic changes in the spermatic cells of torsioned testicles in Group D were significantly less than those of Group SP (p < 0.05). MDA levels in both testicles in Group D were similar to those of the control group. Although they were lower than Group SP, the difference was not statistically significant. Serum MDA levels were lower in Group D compared to the other groups (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION We detected that dexketoprofen decreases I/R injury in both the torsion-formed testicle and the contralateral testicle. Thus, in patients who have urgent surgery for testicular detorsion, dexketoprofen can be preferred as an analgesic to reduce I/R injury. Further study is warranted to demonstrate this effect of dexketoprofen (Tab. 3, Fig. 1, Ref. 30).