L. Hughes, D. Ledward, J. Mitchell
Sep 1, 1980
Journal of Texture Studies
The viscosity of 1% sodium alginate and 1% sodium pectate solutions containing low levels of calcium chloride were investigated using cone and plate viscometers. The level of calcium required to initiate partial gelation was significantly lower for pectate compared with alginate. With increasing calcium chloride concentration the solutions became more pseudoplastic and eventually showed thixotropy. One percent bovine serum albumin or 1% myoglobin was incorporated into the polysaccharide solutions together with sufficient calcium to cause incipient gelation in the absence of the protein. Myoglobin inhibited the formation of an alginate gel, the effect being greatest at a pH of about 6.3. Bovine serum albumin also inhibited alginate formation, the effect increasing with increasing pH. In contrast the addition of both myoglobin and bovine serum albumin caused gel formation in the presence of pectate below pH 6.0. The results are discussed in terms of the protein/polysaccharide interactions and the polymer/ion interactions that can take place in these systems. The relevance of this work to the use of these polysaccharides as thickeners and gelling agents in canned meat products is considered.