M. Ackermann, H. K. Müller, L. Bruckner
Jun 1, 1990
Ten years after the first outbreak of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR) in Swiss dairy cows, the national cattle herd is almost free from infection with IBR virus (bovine herpesvirus 1, BHV 1). The national programme for the eradication of IBR was divided into four phases: (1) Prevention of transmission of the infection by restrictions on trade of bovines and assessment of the prevalence of cattle with antibodies to BHV 1. (2) Slaughtering animals with antibodies to BHV 1 in order to eradicate BHV 1 from breeding herds. (3) Detection and eradication of further BHV 1 reservoirs (e.g. fattening cattle). (4) Monitoring programme and legal actions in order to maintain the favourable situation. Approximately 50,000 animals were slaughtered in the course of the eradication of IBR. The total costs amounted to approximately SFr. 110,000,000 over 10 years. The costs for maintaining the situation are estimated at approximately SFr. 5,000,000 per annum.